2. James LANDRUM (First ) was born in 1650 in Turiff Aberdeeshire, Scotland. He died about 18 Dec 1739 in Essex County, Virginia.
James married Mary BROWNE on 10 Aug 1696 in Essex County, Virginia. Mary was born about 1665 in Essex County, Virginia. She died before 21 May 1754 in Essex County, Virginia.
They had the following children:
4 F i Margaret LANDRUM was born about 1686 in Essex County, Virginia. Margaret married (1) John PITTS. John was born about 1697. Margaret married (2) Charles ATKINSON. Charles was born about 1699. + 5 M ii William LANDRUM 6 F iii Elizabeth LANDRUM was born about 1692. Elizabeth married John EVANS. + 7 F iv Winfield LANDRUM 8 M v Patrick LANDRUM was born in 1695. 9 F vi Sarah LANDRUM was born about 1696. 10 M vii Samuel LANDRUM was born in 1697. 11 M viii James LANDRUM Jr. was born in 1700. 12 F ix Dorcas LANDRUM was born about 1702.
Note: In 1745 a Dorcas Landrum married Thomas Swelliphen in Essex (old Rappahannoch) County, Virginia.
13 M x Richard LANDRUM was born about 1703.
3. John D. LANDRUM Sr. (First ) was born in 1665 in Turiff Aberdeeshire, Scotland. He died about 1707 in Essex County, Virginia.
The first Landrums of record in America appear in Virginia in the 1600's. John and James Landrum appear in deeds and wills in old Rappahanock County which became Essex County, Virginia . Although the relationship between these two men is not conclusively proven, some people have make the assumption they were brothers. Additionally, it is assumed that these two men arrived from Scotland.The stories regarding the origin of the Landrum family can be traced to a book called "The Life and Times of Rev. John Hill Landrum" by H.P. Griffith, published in 1885. In this book , two relatives of John Gill Landrum recall family legends that the Landrums descended either from two brothers from Scotland or five brothers from Wales. Neither story has been conclusively proven , but most Landrums in American can trace their lineage to these two Landrums from Virginia that researchers refer to as John 1st and James 1st. There is also a reference in "The Landrum Family of Fayette County, Georgia" by Joel Shedd, published in 1972, that attributes the Landrum descent from Scotch-Irish blood. Shedd accepts the story that John and James Landrum were brothers who emigrated to American from Scotland. The most direct evidence of this is related by Dr. Samuel Landrum of Edgefield, SC, great-grandson of the first John Landrum. "The original Landrums were two brothers who came over from Scotland and Settled in Virginia: one named John, the other James."What is known is that there were Lendrums in Scotland and Ireland at the time John and James Landrum arrived in America. The Lendrums of Ireland are attributed to the Lendrums of Aberdeenshire, Scotland. I prefer to accept the most widely held theory that John and James Lendrum came from the Scot line. There is a reference to a John Lendrum being a deserter in Scotland in 1685.John Landrum I married Sofrononia Jane Evans and they had four children: Thomas born in 1690 , Elizabeth born in 1693, John II born in 1696, and Martha born in 1699. The name Sofronon is speculative based on the interpretation of the writing in the will.
John Landrum owned 160 acres of land on the southeastern side of the Occupacia River, south of the Rappahanock River in Essex County. He sold the land in 1695. He was listed in the quit rents rolls of Essex County in 1704 as owning 300 acres. He died 1707 or 1708, in Essex County, Virginia.
John Landrum II married a woman whose name may have been Mary Buckner, born in 1700. John and Mary had seven children: John Jr. (III), Charles, Benjamin, Thomas born in 1720, Reuben born in 1729, Joseph born in 1730, and Samuel born in 1737.In 1663, Charles II granted to eight English noblemen most of the land in what is now the southern half of the United States. In 1728, all of these Lord Proprietors surrendered their interests in this land to the Crown with the exception of John Carteret, soon afterward make Earl of Granville, who refused to surrender his one-eighth interest. In 1744, Lord Granville' s interest was satisfied by having surveyors cut out for him a strip of land sixty miles wide adjoining the Virginia border and extending from the Atlantic Ocean westward to the Blue Ridge mountains. It proved to be the most fertile part of North Carolina, and two-thirds of the population lived there.Orange County, North Carolina like Orange County, Virginia was named for the Prince of Orange who became King William during the reign of William and Mary. The earliest record pertaining to a Landrum in Chatham County, NC is a land grant by Lord Granville to John Landrum on August 28, 1754, covering 640 acres of land in the part of Orange County that subsequently became Chatham County. The 1755 tax list of Orange County, North Carolina contains the following entry: "John Landrum with sons and 1 Negro, 6 white, 1 Negro."In addition to the aforementioned land grant in 1754, North Carolina records show the following land grants by Lord Granville to the Landrums:Grant # Grantee Date Acres Location8 John Landrum 10-2-1761 700 Not Shown43 Benjamin Landrum 10-2-1761 640 Head of Mill Creek112 Rueben Landrum 12-24-1762 379 Between Mill Creek112 Joseph Landrum 12-24-1762 136 On Mill CreekThe 1870 map of the county at the courthouse in Pittsboro, NC shows "Landrum's Creek" running from north to south into Rocky River at about the center of the county. This is where the Landrums lived during the approximately 20 years they resided in Orange, later Chatham County, North Carolina.Lord Granville set up a territorial system of land tenure under which his land office made grants of land to settlers who were required to pay a fee for having an "entry" of the land made in the land office records and in addition were required to pay "quit rents." This system proved to be grossly unsatisfactory, as Granville's land agents proved to be dishonest and inefficient. Their dishonesty and inefficiency led to riots by the settlers.The troubles in Granville district were not limited to the land agents, as there were complaints about extortion by county officers. The mutterings that led to the War of the Regulators started in Granville district and soon spread to Orange County. In March, 1768, an organization that came to be known as the "Regulators" started an era of force and violence when they agreed among themselves to forcibly resist payment of any taxes in excess of what they considered lawful. The Regulator movements were tied more closely to local discontent than they were to any widespread dissatisfaction with British rule. In fact, many of the Regulators later sided with the crown against the colonial ruling class that led the independence movement.The conflict in North Carolina came to a head around 1766 when small farmers in the back country protested against the inequitable and inefficient system of local government prevailing in their area. Charles and Rueben Landrum were two of the signers of a Regulator's petition from Orange County dated April 30, 1768, concerning grievances over taxes. Conflict between the Regulators' petition and Governor William Tyron continued for several years. Governor Tyron, instead of trying to address the grievances of the settlers, got the General Assembly to enact an ex post facto law making past acts of the Regulators a capital offense.On May 11, 1771, (subsequent to the enactment of the ex post facto law making prior acts of the Regulators crimes punishable by death) Rueben Landrum was indicted (along with many other s) for being a Regulator by a Special Court convened at Newborn, North Carolina.
Title: Askew.FTWText: Date of Import: 19 Jul 1999
Title: Big.FTWText: Date of Import: Jan 9, 2000
John Landrum's Will
Essex County Deeds & Wills 1707-1711, Page 103-4
In the name of God, Amen. I John Landrum of the County of Essex and Parish of Sittingburn being very sick & weak but of perfect mind & memory calling to mind the uncertainty of man do make this my last will and testament Imprimis I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of God that gave it in sure & certain hope of a joyfull resurrection at the last day & my body to be buryed at the discretion of of my executors hereafter named Firstly My will is that all my just debts be first paid Secondly My will is that the rest of my estate be equally divided between my four children Thomas, Elizabeth, John and Martha Landrum to be delivered to them at the age of eighteen years Thirdly my will is that John Evans shall have my son John Landrum till he attaines the age of eighteen years Fourthly I order that my daughter Martha Landrum do stay & remain with her Aunt Gays (Keys?, Hays?) till she attains the age of eighteen years Lastly I make my son Thomas Landrum Executor of this my last will and Testament Witness my hand and seals this 24th day of December 1707.
Signed Sealed in presence of us John Landrum
John Hawkins his mark
Joseph Campian his mark
Proved by the oaths of John Hawkins & Joseph Campian the witnesses hereto in Essex Co. court the 10th day of May 1708 and was ordered to be recorded and is recorded.
Teste Richard Buckner Cl Cu
John married (1) Sophronia Jane EVANS daughter of John EVANS and Margart JOHNSON about 1689 in Virginia. Sophronia was born about 1667 in Virginia.
They had the following children:
14 M i Thomas LANDRUM was born about 1690 in Essex County, Virginia. He died in 1715 in Essex County, Virginia. 15 F ii Elizabeth LANDRUM was born about 1693 in Essex County, Virginia. Elizabeth married Bolkerhead BROWN. Bolkerhead was born about 1685. + 16 M iii Dr. John D. LANDRUM Jr. 17 F iv Martha LANDRUM was born in 1702 in Essex County, Virginia. She died in Chatham County, North Carolina.
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